Strategic Capital Budgeting

Strategic Capital Budgeting

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Strategic Capital Budgeting

 

Capital Budgeting Strategically

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The capital budgeting process lies at the heart of any organization’s financial decision-making. However, up until now, capital budgeting has been regarded as a financial decision. As a result, project evaluation and capital allocation are based on discounted cash flow analysis. This process has been proven to be insufficient by several organizations. This is due to the fact that the discounted cash flow analysis can be totally separated from the strategy development and implementation processes. As a result, the discounted cash flow approach may offer initiatives that, in the long run, are not in accordance with the company’s strategy.

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As a result of this criticism, many organizations are attempting to establish a relationship between strategic and financial decision-making. This is known as strategic capital budgeting. In this post, we will examine the strategic capital budgeting method and how it differs from standard capital budgeting.

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Analysis of Real Options:

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The most significant issue with capital budgeting is that it assumes a static environment. Under the model’s assumptions, decisions can be reversed in the middle, and the financial loss to the organization is low. This, however, is not the case. Some company models may be more scalable in the long run than others. In the short run, such company models may have a lower net present value or internal rate of return. They are, however, a more efficient technique of increasing the firm’s value. This is due to the fact that they allow the company to execute a small-scale trial.

 

Once the pilot has shown to be effective, resources can be directed toward the project, allowing for tremendous scale to be achieved in a short amount of time. This is why the possibilities supplied by a project should be valued and considered in the decision-making process. The world’s venture investors are already employing this strategy. This is why they prefer to invest in asset-light high-tech enterprises, which require less upfront investment and can be scaled quickly. The approach to valuing financial choices can be used to value these options embedded into a project. Many businesses have already begun to include the real choices method into their decision-making process.

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Analysis of the Value Chain:

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Another major issue with the capital budgeting tool is that it does not view the firm as a value chain. In terms of the discounted cash flow model, any firm’s business model can be described in the form of net present value. This, however, is not the case. When a company has more bargaining power with its suppliers and consumers, it is regarded to have a more solid business model. This is why efforts involving either vertical or horizontal integration are regarded as strategically significant. This is because they lessen reliance on third-party providers. A business that manufactures mobile phones, for example, can begin producing its own processors in order to lessen its reliance on external vendors. This is why, from a strategic standpoint, certain initiatives are regarded as significant and are given more priority, even if their net present value is smaller.

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Benchmarking Technology:

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Capital budgeting does not account for the technology that is employed in a project. Businesses can only survive in the current world if they embrace cutting-edge technology. As a result, organizations should prioritize projects that raise the level of technology that they utilize, even if they yield a lower rate of return in the short run. Companies all over the world must continually compare their technical systems to those of their competitors. Being able to do so allows them to determine whether they are falling behind in terms of technology. Instead than focusing on quantum leaps that may be costly and hard to achieve, the emphasis should be on enhancing technology in small incremental advances.

 

Management of Change:

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The capital budgeting approach ignores the fact that a company’s culture is built in. People in the organization are familiar with specific ways of doing things and accomplishing goals. If these practices are abruptly altered, the organization may be forced to engage in change management. Change management may be a difficult, costly, and time-consuming process. As a result, it is critical to consider this element while selecting whether initiatives should be done. The organization must carefully decide what kind of culture it wants to create and then reinforce it at various stages.

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The Balanced Scorecard Method:

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According to the strategic capital budgeting strategy, selecting a project solely on financial factors is inappropriate. As a result, the balanced scorecard technique has been recommended because it allows for the assignment of weights to various criteria and the calculation of a composite score. This composite score, determined after accounting for both financial and strategic variables, should serve as the foundation for decision-making.

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The final line is that finance managers’ capital budgeting technique is insufficient on its own. There is a need for a more long-term and strategic strategy, which strategic capital budgeting provides.

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